If a database is restored using before-image dumps, where should the process begin following an
Before the last transaction
After the last transaction
As the first transaction after the latest checkpoint
As the last transaction before the latest checkpoint
If before images are used, the last transaction in the dump will not have updated the database prior
to the dump being taken. The last transaction will not have updated the database and must be
reprocessed. Program checkpoints are irrelevant in this situation.